Any tender, succulent plants fresh from the nursery, where they have been watered and fertilized, may attract deer, especially early in the season, when green vegetation in their natural habitat is not available. Below is a list of plants that are particularly resistant to garden munchers — but remember, no plant is “fool proof,” and what works for you might not work for a neighbor.

GROUNDCOVERS

Perennials

  • Bugle Weed (Ajuga)
  • Bearberry
  • Bergenia
  • Dead Nettle
  • Ferns
  • Indian Strawberry
  • Junipers
  • Lady's Mantle
  • Lily-of-the-Valley
  • Mosses
  • Pachysandra
  • Potentilla
  • Sedum
  • Snow-in-Summer
  • Vinca Minor

hERBS

  • Angelica
  • Anise Hyssop
  • Basil
  • Catmint
  • Chamomile
  • Chives
  • Comfrey
  • Dill
  • Fennel
  • Lamb's ears
  • Lavender
  • Lavender Cotton
  • Lemon balm
  • Mint
  • Mullein
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperis virginiana)
  • English Hawthorn
  • Ginkgo
  • Hickory
  • Japanese Flowering Cherry
  • Locust: Black, Honey
  • Mimosa
  • Pine: Austrian, Mugo, Red, Scots, Shortleaf (for southern Missouri only)
  • Sassafras, Common
  • Smoke Tree
  • Sourwood
  • Spruce: Colorado Blue, Norway, White
  • Sweet Gum
  • Sycamore
  • Tulip Tree

SHRUBS

  • Barberry
  • Bayberry
  • Beautybush
  • Butterfly Bush
  • Chinese Holly
  • Chinese Junipers (blue and green)
  • Common Boxwood
  • Common Lilac
  • Drooping Leucothoe
  • Forsythia
  • Inkberry
  • Japanese Kerria
  • Oregon Grape Holly
  • Russian Olive
  • Astilbe
  • Bee Balm
  • Bleeding Heart
  • Columbine
  • Coralbells
  • Evergreen Candytuft
  • Forget-Me-Not
  • Foxglove
  • Hardy Geranium
  • Hellebore
  • Hibiscus
  • Iris
  • Monkshood
  • Oriental Poppy
  • Peony
  • Perennial Alyssum
  • Perennial Flax
  • Pinks
  • Salvia
  • Yarrow
  • Yucca

aNNUALS AND BIENNIALS

  • Ageratum
  • Dusty Miller
  • French marigold
  • Lantana
  • Larkspur
  • Lobelia
  • Morning Glory
  • Moonflower
  • Nasturtium Ornamental pepper
  • Snapdragon
  • Stock
  • Wax Begonia
  • Zinnia
  • Thyme

Perennial Vines

  • Akebia
  • Bittersweet
  • Grape
  • Honeysuckle
  • Silver Lace Vine

Trees

  • American Holly
  • Beech
  • Birch: European, White, Paper
  • Catalpa
  • Corkscrew Willow
  • Dogwood: Red Osier, Kousa

VISIT THE MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION

https://mdc.mo.gov/conmag/2003/04/deer-gardening